Chatbot Overview
Conversational Bots
Intents & Entities
Intelligent Bots's Approach Conversational Platform
Bot Concepts and Terminology
Natural Language Processing (NLP)
Bot Types
Bot Tasks
Starting with Platform
How to Access Bot Builder
Working with Bot Builder
Building your first Bot
Getting Started with Building Bots
Using the Dialog Builder Tool
Creating a Simple Bot
Release Notes
Latest Updates
Older Releases
Bot Builder
Creating a Bot
Dialog Task
User Intent Node
Dialog Node
Entity Node
Supported Entity Types
Composite Entities
Supported Time Zones
Supported Colors
Supported Company Names
Form Node
Logic Node
Message Nodes
Confirmation Nodes
Service Node
Custom Authentication
2-way SSL for Service nodes
Script Node
Agent Transfer Node
WebHook Node
Grouping Nodes
Connections & Transitions
Managing Dialogs
User Prompts
Alert Tasks
Alert Tasks
Ignore Words and Field Memory
Digital Forms
Digital Views
Knowledge Graph
Importing and Exporting
Knowledge Extraction
Small Talk
Action & Information Task
Action Tasks
Information Tasks
Establishing Flows
Natural Language
Machine Learning
ML Model
Fundamental Meaning
NLP Settings and Guidelines
Knowledge Graph Training
Ranking and Resolver
NLP Detection
Advanced NLP Configurations
Bot Intelligence
Context Management
Session and Context Variables
Context Object
Dialog Management
Amend Entity
Multi-Intent Detection
Sentiment Management
Tone Analysis
Sentiment Management
Default Conversations
Default Standard Responses
Channel Enablement
Test & Debug
Talk to Bot
Utterance Testing
Batch Testing
Record Conversations
Publishing your Bot
Analyzing your Bot
Custom Dashboard
Conversation Flows
Bot Metrics
Advanced Topics
Bot Authorization
Language Management
Collaborative Development
IVR Integration
Data Table
Universal Bots
Enabling Languages
Smart Bots
Sample Bots
Travel Planning
Flight Search
Event Based Bot Actions
koreUtil Libraries
Bot Settings
Bot Functions
General Settings
PII Settings
Customizing Error Messages
Manage Sessions
Bot Management
Bot Versioning
Using Bot Variables
API Guide
API Overview
API List
API Collection
SDK Overview
SDK Security
SDK App Registration
Web SDK Tutorial
Message Formatting and Templates
Mobile SDK Push Notification
Widget SDK Tutorial
Widget SDK – Message Formatting and Templates
Web Socket Connect & RTM
Using the BotKit SDK
BotKit SDK Tutorial – Agent Transfer
BotKit SDK Tutorial – Flight Search Sample Bot
Using an External NLP Engine
Bot Administration
Bots Admin Console
User Management
Managing Users
Managing Groups
Managing Role
Bots Management
Inviting Users
Bulk Invites
Importing Users
Synchronizing Users from AD
Security & Compliance
Using Single Sign-On
Security Settings
Cloud Connector
How Tos
Creating a Simple Bot
Creating a Banking Bot
Transfer Funds Task
Update Balance Task
Context Switching
Using Traits
Schedule a Smart Alert
Configure Digital Forms
Add Form Data into Data Tables
Configuring Digital Views
Add Data to Data Tables
Update Data in Data Tables
Custom Dashboard
Custom Tags to filter Bot Metrics
Patterns for Intents & Entities
Build Knowledge Graph
Global Variables
Content Variables
Using Bot Functions
Configure Agent Transfer
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  5. Bot Concepts and Terminology

Bot Concepts and Terminology

This section helps you with the key terms and concepts related to the Bots Platform.


A bot is a form of virtual assistant that acts as an intelligent intermediary between people, digital systems, and internet-enabled things. Bots are intelligent with machine learning, natural language processing, and other forms of advanced software that allows them to handle complex human conversations, learn from past interactions, and improve responses over time.


Anything that a user says to the chatbot is an utterance. For example, if the user types Book me a flight to Orlando for next Sunday, the entire sentence is considered as the user utterance.


A few essential words in the utterance that describe what the user wants the chatbot to do. It is usually a combination of a verb and a noun. For example, in the above user utterance Book me a flight to Orlando for next Sunday, the intent is Book me a flight.


To fulfill user intent, the Bot may require additional information or parameters. For example, to book a flight, it needs the source and destination city along with the travel date. In the above example, user utterance Book me a flight to Orlando for next Sunday, Orlando and next Sunday are entities.

Entities are the necessary fields, data, or words for a chatbot to complete the user’s request. With the required entities in hand, the Bots Platform can reach out to the web service and get the specific data or perform the action as per the user intent.

For more information about parameters and user input, refer to the particular task type parameters and fields at Defining Bot Tasks.

Sample Utterance Intent Entity
Book me a flight to Orlando Book flight City: Orlando
Schedule a meeting with Bill this Sunday Schedule a meeting Person name: Bill
Date: April 22, 2018
Add two bottles of red wine to the cart Add to cart Item: Red Wine
Count: Two

Natural Language Processing

The process by which a bot identifies the user intent; extracts useful information from their utterance and maps that data (entities) to the relevant task. This allows bots to process requests in text form, rather than complicated menus or programming language.’s platform uses a unique NLP strategy. It combines Fundamental Meaning and Machine Learning Engines for optimal conversation accuracy. Bots built on’s platform can understand and process the following:

  • Multi-sentence messages
  • Multiple intents
  • Contextual references
  • Patterns and idiomatic sentences, and more.

Artificial Intelligence

A machine’s ability to simulate human behavior and decision-making to perform tasks that normally require human-like intelligence, such as speech recognition and understanding, language translation, and more.

Machine Learning

A machine’s ability to use algorithms, patterns, and training data to learn and find hidden insights, without being explicitly programmed.

Entity Extraction

The extraction of relevant and valuable data from a user’s utterance to complete a task. Bots can ensure they have all the data to complete the user tasks and, if not, can prompt the user for the missing information.

Bot Tasks

Tasks refer to different types of simple and complex jobs that are designated to the chatbot by the developer. These tasks are performed by the chatbot to fulfill the user intents.

For a travel bot, task names are to book tickets, find hotels, provide weather forecasts, and so on which cater to different user intents.

Once the bot understands a user intent, it is ready to perform a task, such as reaching out to a web service, extracting the current weather conditions report, parsing that response, and then delivering the data to the user. provides five pre-defined task types that virtually cover all bot scenarios.

Action Tasks

Bots can collect, modify, and post information in systems of record, like scheduling an appointment, searching for a product, or updating critical information.

Alert Tasks

Bots can deliver timely, relevant, and personalized notifications to customers and employees directly from the enterprise system by polling backend systems or by pulling information at regular intervals. Users or bot developers can configure alerts.

Knowledge Graph

Bots can provide users with answers to their most commonly asked questions by querying a predefined set of information. For example, a bot can answer customer questions regarding hours of operation while also answering questions about return policies.

Information Tasks

Bots can provide users with data from back-end systems in the form of reports. These reports are formatted and organized based on user preferences, applicable filters, and they can be downloaded for later use. For example, a bot can provide a sales manager with a report detailing the top 10 sales reps last year by region, organized from most to least sales.

Dialog Tasks

Bots can handle complex multi-turn conversational experiences that replicate the natural back and forth exchanges people have every day.


Learning is about how chatbots recognize new intents and entities, answer questions correctly, and identify the important aspects of a user utterance. Learning can be manual or automatic. And, just like humans, bots need to know when they are wrong and what the right action, response, or answer should be.

Supervised Learning

A form of learning in which you have input variables (X) and an output variable (Y), and you use an algorithm to learn the mapping function from the input to the output. Here, the bot developer acts as a teacher and has virtually full control over what the bot learns. This means that the algorithm makes predictions based on the training data provided. The bot creator developer can manually correct these predictions by flagging the findings as correct or incorrect. Since the bot developer already knows what the bot should understand, learning can be stopped as soon as the developer decides or when the model reaches an acceptable level of performance.

Unsupervised Learning

A form of learning that does not require a bot developer’s supervision. Here, the bot learns from all successful utterances, meaning those utterances that were successfully recognized by the bot and the completed tasks. It uses these findings to automatically expand the model and retrain the bot, including user-provided confirmations of intents in case of conflicts. This form of training allows bots to expand their language capabilities and improve their accuracy while excluding failed utterances and without human intervention.

Messaging Channels

Channels refer to various communication platforms where a bot can exist such as SMS, email, mobile apps, websites, messaging apps, and more. With the Bot Builder, you can design chatbot tasks once, and deploy across channels by merely checking a box. You can also differentiate cross-channel experiences by altering message responses or leveraging channel-specific UI elements like date selectors, carousels, and more.

Variables, Context, and Session Data

When developers create and define tasks, they can access the following:

  • Session variables provided by the Bots Platform.
  • Custom variables that they define.
  • The context that defines the scope of the variable.

For example, some API requests require you to set session variables before executing the task, or a dialog task component needs to access a session variable to transit to the next node. Dialog tasks can also access the context object with additional system variables. These session and context variables allow you to persist data and store. For example, a user’s home address for commerce, transportation, and home delivery-focused services is used by the bot when executing a task.

The Bots platform supports session variables that are used when defining tasks in sections using JavaScript. Session variables depend on the context or scope in which they are used. For example, enterprise-level, bot-level, user-level, and session level.